From the Middle Ages to 1660

  • Late 14th century to early 15th century Dissenters to the Popery of the RC Church formed the Lollards. Led by John Wycliffe in England.
  • By the end of the 15th century Lollardry had been suppressed and all but disappeared.
  • 1483 to 1546 Martin Luther. In Germany, he led dissenters and was supported by protesting princes; they became known as “Protestants”.
  • 1509 to 1564 Jean Calvin vindicated “Protestantism” in France.
  • 1536 to 1539 Dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII.
  • 1555 John Knox brings Calvinistic Protestantism to Scotland.
  • 1558 to 1603 as a reaction against Book of Common Prayer and bishops Puritanism and origins of religious Independency grew under Elizabeth I in England. Groups encompassing the reforms formed Congregationalists, Unitarians and Baptists.
  • Formation of the Presbyterian Church under James VI in Scotland.
  • 1642 to 1649 Religious and political opposition to Catholic rule of Charles I led to Civil War, with Congregationalists, Presbyterians and Baptists fighting for Parliament.
  • 1652 George Fox started the first meeting of the Quakers, or Society of Friends, in Sedburgh, Yorkshire.
  • 1660 Restoration of Charles 11. Restoration of bishops in England (not in Scotland)